Br J Sports Med. 2016 Dec 16;:
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the combination of aerobic and resistance exercise is superior to aerobic exercise alone for the health of obese children and adolescents.
DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis.
DATA SOURCES: Computerised search of 3 databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Controlled Trials Registry).
ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Studies that compared the effect of supervised concurrent exercise versus aerobic exercise interventions, with anthropometric and metabolic outcomes in paediatric obesity (6-18 years old). The mean differences (MD) of the parameters from preintervention to postintervention between groups were pooled using a random-effects model.
RESULTS: 12 trials with 555 youths were included in the meta-analysis. Compared with aerobic exercise alone, concurrent exercise resulted in greater reductions in body mass (MD=-2.28 kg), fat mass (MD=-3.49%; and MD=-4.34 kg) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (MD=-10.20 mg/dL); as well as greater increases in lean body mass (MD=2.20 kg) and adiponectin level (MD=2.59 μg/mL). Differences were larger for longer term programmes (>24 weeks).
SUMMARY: Concurrent aerobic plus resistance exercise improves body composition, metabolic profiles, and inflammatory state in the obese paediatric population.
TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42016039807.