Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2016 Jan;44(1):12-9
Endothelial dysfunction occurs in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and increases the risk for cardiovascular disease. The mechanisms of endothelial dysfunction seem to evolve throughout kidney disease progression, culminating in reduced L-arginine transport and impaired nitric oxide bioavailability in advanced disease. This review examines the hypothesis that aerobic exercise may reverse endothelial dysfunction by improving endothelial cell L-arginine uptake in CKD.