Semin Ophthalmol. 2015;30(5-6):426-8
Although orbital emphysema is a recognized complication of orbital fractures involving any of the paranasal sinuses, it may develop without any fracture. A 23-year-old man presented with sudden left periorbital swelling during weight lifting in a fitness facility. On the left side, there was periorbital swelling with crepitus in palpation of subcutaneous tissue and conjunctival congestion. Computed tomography showed no fractures in the orbit. The patient was hospitalized. He was treated with empiric antibiotics and non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs. In three days, the swelling and crepitus had almost disappeared. Seven days later, orbital emphysema had completely resolved.