Wednesday, October 22, 2014

Physical exercise in type 2 diabetes

Acute effects of physical exercise in type 2 diabetes: A review.
BACKGROUND: exercise has shown to be efficacious in the control of type 2 diabetes (T2D).

METHODS: a literature was performed with the following keywords: -exercise; diabetes and post-exercise hypotension; diabetes and excess post-exercise oxygen consumption; diabetes and acute effects.

RESULTS: exercise can promote an increase in the bioavailability of nitric oxide and elicit decreases in post-exercise blood pressure; increase the oxidation of carbohydrate during the exercise; increase the rate of fat oxidation; improve glucose tolerance; improve insulin sensitivity; and reduce glycemia. The effect lasts between 2-72 h, which seems to be dependent on the exercise intensity and duration of the effort.

World J Diabetes. 2014 Oct 15;5(5):659-65